There are a wide variety of skin conditions that can occur in people living with HIV. It could be something as simple as a reaction to one of your meds, but it could also be a sign of a weakened or nonfunctioning immune system — also known as immunosuppression. You should talk to your doctor right away about any significant skin changes or skin issues, as it could be a sign your medication isn’t working properly. Here are the seven most common skin issues associated with HIV:
Molluscum contagiosum: A highly contagious viral skin infection that causes pink or flesh-colored bumps on the skin.
Herpes viruses: An outbreak of sores around the genital area or the mouth.
Kaposi sarcoma: A type of cancer that causes dark brown, purple, or red lesions on the skin, which often occurs in people with very low T cell counts.
Oral hairy leukoplakia: A viral infection that affects the mouth and can cause thick white lesions on the tongue that appear hairy.
Thrush: Also called oral candidiasis, thrush is a fungal infection that causes a thick white layer to form on the tongue or inner cheeks.
Photodermatitis: A condition in which the skin reacts to sun exposure by turning darker (much more so than a normal tan) and is most common in people of color. (Note: This is a common medication side effect and is not typically a sign of immunosuppression.)
Prurigo nodularis: Outbreaks of itchy, crusted lumps on the skin most common in those with extremely weakened immune systems as well as people of color living with HIV.